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Job opportunities in Rail Transport – Assistant Loco Pilot

By on September 14, 2013

Assistant Loco Pilot is the most important Group C category of staff, of which 80% vacancies are filled up directly through Railway Recruitment Board. This group of staff consisting of Loco Pilot and Guard is called Running staff. Loco Pilots are also the forefront staff of the Railways. The average salary of running staff is much more as compared to non-running category of staff.

Category of staff Year 2010-11
Group D 2,91,000
Group C Artisan 3,16,000
Group C Supervisor 4,09,000
Group C Running 5,83,000

There are about 15000 vacancies per year for which RRB conducts examination every year. There is no ban for creation of Loco Running staff which depends in direct relation to the average number of passenger and freight trains run in the Railways. The number of trains is always on the rise and therefore, it is certain that the number of posts in all grades will certainly increase.  Recruitment for such a large number of vacancies provides a great opportunity for the job aspirant to choose the profession of Loco Pilot. There is no doubt that about 5-6 lakhs aspirants appear in the examination every year. It is also important to note that even the ladies are finding the job attractive and good number joining the profession.

Ladies ALP joining the profession and undergoing training

Ladies ALP is joining the profession and undergoing training

While deciding to join the profession of Loco Pilot,  very few know the job profile. It is ,  therefore, important to bring in why one should join this profession and why one should not. 

Job Profile is evaluated on following points

  1. Attractive salary and other benefitser benefits
  2. Educational Qualifiation
  3. Professional Risk
  4. Duty Booking  system of Loco Pilot
  5. Training Program
  6. Social Status
  7. Medical and Psychological Test
  8. Running Rooms
  9. Stability
  10. Prospects of attaining high positions
Salary and other Benefits

Average salary of Group C running staff as mentioned above was Rs.  5,83,000 during 2010-11 clearly indicating the better off status of running staff as compared to other category of staff.

There are two grades in ALP namely ALP 1 and 2.

  • ALP 2 Rs.5200-20,200/- GP Rs 1900/-
  • ALP 1 Rs. 5200-20,200/- GP Rs. 2400/- (After two years  and ALP1 and ALP2 are in the ratio of 20:80)
  • Loco Pilot Goods Rs. 9300-34800/- GP 4200/-B
  • Beside one gets DA which 72% of DA, Kilometerage (part of the salary is in built in Kilometerage), Over time, NDA
  • Newly recruited ALP gets Rs. 25000/- and about 35000-40000/- after two years.
  • Salary of LPG and LP (Pass) is on the level of 60,000-80,000 per month
  • Another important thing – for the last many years it is observed that promotion to the post of LPG taking just 5-6 years.

The running staff is eligible for running allowance which depends upon the km of train worked by him. However, you don’t have to spend any expenditure on the following account:

  • Free Medical at Railway Hospital for you and your family
  • Free Travel for you and your family ( 3 set of all Indian Passes)
  • Reimbursement of tuition fees of children
  • Railway accommodation
Educational Qualification

This is the best job option for a matriculate, ITI and most importantly even for Diploma Holders

 Matriculation or its equivalent under 10+2 system and course completed Act Apprentice

(OR) ITI in any of the following specific trades recognized by SCVT/NCVT. Fitter, Electrician, Instrument Mechanic, Mill Wright/Maintenance Mechanic, Mechanic Radio & TV, Electronics Mechanic, Mechanic Motor Vehicle, Wiremen, Tractor Mechanic, Armature & Coil Winder, Mechanic Diesel, Heat Engine, Turner, Machinist and Refrigerator & AC Mechanic (Basically Electrical/Mechanical Trade) 

(OR) Diploma in Mechanical / Electrical / Electronics / Automobile Engineering recognized by AICTE in lieu of ITI  

Professional Risk
  • Loss of life and injury is the most concerned  professional risk. But with time, the introduction of technology has improved  safety standards considerably. If one looks at the statistics, chance of loosing life or injury is very remote.
  • Loco pilot has to face the brunt of lawlessness and getting injured while working in militant infested areas, dacoits etc.
  • Loosing  a job for any mistake committed which is related to safety is certain. Keeping oneself healthy and alert can help you to take care of such risk.

Comments: These professional risks do exist in the job but the same is not more than the risk of every one’s daily life. One need not get scared of such risk but it is important to know before deciding the profession.

Duty Booking System of Loco Pilot
  • There are two types of train operation namely passenger and freight. Passenger trains run to time-table whereas there is no time-table for freight trains.
  • In the passenger segment also, there are two types of train namely Passenger and Electrical Multiple Unit or Mainline Electrical Multiple Unit. Passenger trains are operated by a Loco Pilot and Assistant Loco Pilot whereas EMU/MEMUs are worked by a Motorman (only one staff on board). Passenger Trains work to a time-table. Coaching links are prepared and LP/ALP is aware of their booking time. Passenger Trains are worked by Senior LPs who has been promoted from Goods Driver to passenger. Similarly Senior ALPs are deputed to work passenger trains. The advantage of working a passenger train is fixed working hours, knowing in advance the duty time to begin and finish.
  • A train is worked by a crew consisting of a Loco Pilot (LP), Assistant Loco Pilot (ALP) and Guard. Booking of LP and ALP is done by the technical department namely Electrical and Mechanical whereas Guard are booked by the Traffic Department. There is system of combined crew booking lobby where the guard and loco pilot are booked at the same place.  For this the crew reports to a Crew booking Lobby located near the Crew changing point. Look at the photograph of one of the crew lobbies.

Inside of Crew Lobby

Crew Lobby






  • LP and ALP sign on at this lobby and goes through different circulars issued by the management related to safety, technical, speed restrictions etc. A software called Crew Management System is installed at all the crew booking points where all activities are of signing on and off are logged through this console. The crew also undergoes Breathalyzer test before being permitted to sign on and if found having taken liquor, means very likely to be charged with a major penalty. Crew reports about half an hour before the schedule time of the train and completes basic functions. Some personality traits that help the loco pilot in his duty.

Loco Pilot at a computer console for signing on

    • Calm and compose
    • Say big ‘NO’ to liquor
    • Go through the instruction carefully, particularly about any change of the signalling system,  latest speed restriction, major work going in the section etc.
    • Dressed comfortably and in full uniform. Always wear shoes that will help while moving over the ballast
    • Know your crew members and talked to them before the start of the journey
    • Go through your Line box that it has all items essential and  important for the journey
  • In case of freight train, there is no time-table. A train ordering is given by central control depending upon the expected arrival time, about two hours in advance. The crew lobby finds out the name of the LP/ALP/Guard who are in turn as per the last crew signed off, and sends him Train ordering advise. Now-a-days call is also served through mobile messages.
  • The crew waits in the lobby for the train for which rest facilities are provided.
  • The crew takes charge of the locomotive and works the train up to destination observing signalling, speed restriction, alert and exchanging signal. The duty hours for the passenger train is known in advance whereas freight train is worked up to identify next crew change lobby about 110-150 Km, a distance generally covered within 10 hours duty hour from signing on to signing off.

  • Loco Pilot and Co-Pilot enjoying their profession
  • Co-Loco Pilot watching attentively
  • Loco Pilot repeating the aspect of signal with pointing finger
  • Loco Pilot repeating the aspect of signal
  • Loco Pilot Starting the Train
  • Loco Pilot Exchanging Signal
  • Loco Pilot always attentive
  • Loco Pilot completing formalities before start of a journey
  • Loco Pilot
  • Loco pilot with one hand on master controller, another on Train Brake handle with Loco Inspector
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Loco Pilot9 10
HTML Slideshow by WOWSlider.com v3.8

  • The crew goes to rest place at the destination called Running Room. Now-a-days running room is well equipped for a comfortable stay with facilities for sleeping, dining, bathing, recreation etc.  A slide show below gives an idea of the facilities.

  • Entrance to a Running Room
  • Inside of the entrance - generaly well maintained garden
  • Lobby of a Running Room
  • Sleeping bad for comfortable rest
  • Exercise, Yoga and Meditation Center
  • Dining Hall
  • Food tasting like Home made
  • Recreation Room
  • Neat and Clean bath and Washrooms
Entrance to a Running Room1 Inside of the entrance - generaly well maintained garden2 Lobby of a Running Room3 Sleeping bad for comfortable rest4 Exercise, Yoga and Meditation Center5 Dining Hall6 Food tasting like Home made7 Recreation Room8 Neat and Clean bath and Washrooms9
HTML Slideshow by WOWSlider.com v3.8

  • Upkeep of running rooms is one of the priority areas of management and inspected at regular intervals. During Annual inspection by GM, one of the running room in each division is inspected by him. There is a system of awarding the best maintained running room even at Railway Board Level. Amla Running room in Nagpur Division of Central Railway is well maintained running room and this is what Sr.DEE/ TRO/NGP proudly says about this
  • The beautiful lawn is waiting for the winter in which various flowers enhance the look further. The quiet and calm scintillating atmosphere in chilling winter with fog will not be less than a hill station. Behind the running room there are several banana trees and pomegranate orchids and a teak wood plantation places you in the thick of the woods.

Ambiance of Running room at Amla 1 Ambiance of Running Room at Amla

  •  The author was working as Sr.Divisional Engineer Operation in-charge of running staff in Chakradharpur Division of South Eastern Railway. A photograph taken during the inspection of running room at Rourkela in the year 1985 is given below
Inspection of Running room at Rourkela during 1985

Inspection of Running room at Rourkela during 1985

  •  After a rest, LP and ALP are again ready to work back a train back to home station within about 6-8 hrs of rest. Food served and permitted to carry for the journey back is highly subsidized. Earlier, LP/ALP was buying grocery and the food was cooked to their taste. Now with the consent of all it has been changed to standard food, as it provides ample time for rest. Earlier waiting time was much higher.
  • He gets 16 hrs rest at Home station and again available in the roster to work next train.
  • Learning of the road i.e. a route where a LP/ALP has to work is given to familiarize him with section, stations, signalling system, gradient, level crossings etc.
  • One Loco Inspector (LI) for 25 numbers of LP to guide, counsel him and assess him at intervals about his performance. LI grades him as A, B and C category.
Training Program

There is a rigorous training program for newly recruited ALPs as well continuous training program at different stages of the career with examinations. It is compulsory to pass the examination.  The training program includes classroom lectures, simulators, in field training etc. Few photographs to give an idea of the training environment are given below:

A loco pilot working on a simulator with automatic assessment of performance

A loco pilot working on a simulator with automatic assessment of performance


A class room lecture with latest facilities

A class room lecture with latest facilities


Picture of a Training Center for Running Staff

Picture of a Training Center for Running Staff


Monitoring Training program

Monitoring Training program


Social Status

Till 90′s, running staff were called Driver and Assistant Driver. This designation was giving similarities to truck driver and a feeling of lower status in the society even though earning is better. During British period, Loco driver, Guard etc. were a prestigious position in the society with big houses in Railway colony. See the status of Film Actor Om Prakash in film Julie. Based on the strong representation by Running staff, the designation was changed to Loco pilot to bring similarity with Air Pilot. It was but natural also, because the similarity of  disciplinary standards. With good conduct, one can build a good social status and respect.

Medical and Psychological Test

The highest Medical standard  is required for running category. One should be sure of his medical fitness before planning for the competitive examination. In case you have a slightest doubt of your vision of even (-)0.25, you are not likely to clear the medical examination. The medical examination is done by the Medical team of Indian Railway and never underestimate them that one can dodge them.

Similarly is the examination for Psychological testing. Logical thinking, positive attitude, calmness in behavior are some of the attributes one should possess.

During the service, a Loco pilot undergoes medical examination once in three years compulsorily and if does not pass the prescribed medical test, he is withdrawn from running duties and an alternative posting is given. It has a brighter side also, that one undergoes a medical examination which otherwise many takes very lightly.

 Prospects of attaining High position

The earning of a running staff is significantly high and generally satisfied with the job profession and does not aspire to supervisory post. A loco pilot can come out of running duties and join stationary supervisory jobs such as

  • Loco Inspector
  • Crew and Loco Controller
  • Instructor in Training School

Beside this he is also entitled for appearing in a competitive examination for the post of Assistant Electrical or Mechanical Engineer depending on the cadre he has joined i.e. (Electric or Diesel Loco Pilot). If he succeeds, he may rise to the level of JA grade officer depending on the age he prefers to appear and qualify in the competitive examination.


Once you join the alotted  Division, one can be posted or  transferred to any crew booking lobby. But in practice, one can enjoy the stability with maximum of  2 to 3 transfers in his total career. Thus, one can enjoy reasonable  stability of working at a place in the profession.

Why one should join Assistant Loco Pilot
  • Respectable job with responsibility of highest order
  • Good salary
  • Educational qualification of Matriculation, ITI, Graduation (B.Sc., B.A.) or Diploma is enough to join the cadre. This educational standard is not enough in any other post to earn you this much of money.
Why one should not join the cadre of Assistant Loco Pilot
  • If you have high educational qualification i.e. post graduation, engineering etc. You may find it below your standard when called upon to feel the temperature of axle box or coupling of locomotive with train.
ALP touching axle box of locomotive for high temperature

ALP touching axle box of locomotive for high temperature

  • If you have any health issues, minor vision problem, poor control on sleep, lack of alertness etc.
  • If you have any psychological issues such high temperament, indiscipline, erratic behavior etc. and may undertake psychological test before aspiring this job.
  • If you are addicted to any drug, alcohol etc.

Latest advertised vacancies

RRB Vacancy 2014[3]

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There Are 58 Brilliant Comments

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  1. s sridhar says:

    i would like to join in loco pilot

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Yes, you should and plan for your preparation. Most important is to learn handling pressure of two hours during which your mind shall work with full potential. Best of luck

      • shiva jyothi ram says:


        i would like to join as a loco pilot

        i have completed 12th in vocational stream with 92% sir am i eligible for this job????????????????

      • Ramakrishna says:

        Hello Sir…
        Which branch is better In ITI for Indian Railway Jobs ?
        Sir please give me your valuable suggestions…

  2. ranadeep says:

    sir my brother is having -0.25 eye sight, what is the chance he is having to clear medical exam and he had cleared apptitude test recently.please reply me sir whether he can clear medical test or not

  3. ranadeep says:

    sir my brother is having -0.25 eye sight , what is the chance he is having to clear the medical exam for loco pilot and he had cleared apptitude test recently. please reply me sir whether he can clear medical exam or not

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      I know you are very curious to know this answer. I am checking up with the authorities and will answer by evening.

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      I am sorry ranadeep, no power glass is acceptable for alp job.

      • ranadeep says:

        ok sir but he does not wear any glasses because his sight is less, he can read with out glasses and no colour blindness, my doubt is whether they do check up for eye sight in medical exam..and thanks for first reply

        • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

          The issue is vision and not whether is wear speaks or not. The vision has to be 6/6 or what is prescribed in the medical eligibility.

  4. ranadeep says:

    ok sir thanks for reply, recently he had checked his 6/6 vision he was able to read the letters well but with little difficult not totally

  5. ajay says:

    sir i have done railway trade apprentice in electrician trade what are the job oppourtunity……

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Indian Railways provide good opportunity for ITI Electrical with Matricualte to be posted as Artisan Gr III. You may look for entrance examinaion through RRB. It is very fair and free examination, and if you prepare well and confidance, you may get qualified.

  6. manish says:

    sir i have selected in railay trade apprentice in southern railway,i am 10th passed ,should i do this or after compleeting it i will get job there…..

  7. yogesh yadav says:

    sir plz tell me exam date of asst.locopilot is not conform on 15 june . i listen this news fro different institutes tell me

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      There are four dates for the exam i.e. 15 and 29th June and 13 and 20 July. You may check the date which has been assigned to your roll number.

  8. surinder kumar says:

    Respected Sir , i would like to join in loco pilot . sir plz tell me exam date of asst. locopilot . i am +2 passed , ITI – in Machinist (Grainder ) trades recognized by SCVT/NCVT.

  9. sujeet kumar says:

    i have a three years diploma( polytecnic) in electronics and comm. engineering i am not sure if i can apply for the post of ALP

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      You can very well apply for the post of ALP. You should also try for the JE post in Indian Railways in the cadre of Electrical, Mechanical and Signal.

  10. gajendra says:

    Respected Sir,
    Sir plz tell me exam date of asst. locopilot & technician grade-iii Bilaspur Board(SECR) . i am +2 passed , ITI – in Electrician trades recognized by NCVT.

  11. Sai Mamidala says:

    Dear Sir,
    i have completed my graduation (B.Tech in EEE) this year(2014), although i have applied for the ALP, will i get the Hall Ticket?? Please clarify my doubt sir!

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Even with B.Tech qualification you are eligible to appear in ALP examination but I suggest you will find yourself uncomfortable in the cadre because of your education. Instead you appear for SSE/JE examination.

      • Sai Mamidala says:

        Thank you sir for your valuable information but its ok for me to do this…later i will try for JE after getting in Indian Railways..but sir can you describe about number of rounds in brief for ALP recruitments?

  12. Karthik says:

    Respected Mahesh Kumar Jain sir i passed 10th standard i am going for taking I.T.I which trade is better for locopilot plz tell me sir i am very intersted for joining locopilot this is my dream job…………..

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Any ITI trade as mentioned in the prospectus shall do. There are generally no question on the ITI subject in the examination. But in nay case, while choosing the trade, you should opt where job opportunies are more and you become elgible for artisan job in Railways as well as in private industry. This is important becasue the examination is very competitive about 500 candidate for one post and cannot rely your futue only on loco pilot job.

  13. premnath says:

    Dear sir,
    I have completed Diplomo(polytechnic) Electronics and Communication Engineering and i have completed my graduation (BE ECE) this year 2014 batch, although i have applied for the ALP, i got the hall ticket sir.
    BE is eligible for ALP???? i am very interest for joining locopilot this is my dream job…please clarify my doubt sir!

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      I think you are over acting to call ALP as your dream project when graduate in engineering. As per the advertisement CEN 1/2014, you are eligible but may find job satisfaction missing with you find ITI as your colleague. Try SSE instead if you are not comfortable with Indian Engineering Service Examination.

  14. Karthik says:

    Sir not an i.t.i then another way how to reach the locopilot
    i mean degree etc…

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      ITI is the minimum qualification. As per the advertisement CEN 1/2014, higher education i.e. diploma and higher education as recognized by AICTE are eligible. During 1990s, the minimum educational qualification was diploma and many graduate engineers qualified. But left the job, finding it not suiting to their temperament. It is not equivalent to the standard of Air Pilot. However, you should plan to shift to Loco Inspector job after completing minimum job of ALP and then to Group B service of Assistant Electrical or Mechanical Engineer through Limited Department Competitive examination. Why not opt for SSE examination where the minimum educational qualification is graduate. Good luck

  15. Pugazhenthy Anandraj says:

    respected sir,
    I am going to write ALP exam, i completed my diploma in ECE so i selected electronics category.
    In my hall ticket electronics section is mentioned but i have confusion in what they ask in technical category. my friedns told me to study all subjects such as mech,electrical,electronics.
    please clarify my doubt sir whether i need to study all subjects or electronis only.

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      The ALP examination is common for all streams. The technical paper covers question of ITI standards of all streams and not electronics alone.

  16. manish says:

    after doing 3 years act apprentice in indian railway can i do diploma in electrical ? it would be good for me or not……? plz rply…..

  17. manish says:

    sir after doing 3 years act apprentice in indian railway can i do diploma in electrial ? it would be good for me or not ?

  18. mukesh says:

    sir i have completed my diploma then, is there any vacancy of JE in railways pls inform us

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Mukesh, being Diploma, you are having two options to appear in RRB competitive examination namely JE and another Assistant Loco pilot/Artisan. vacancies are generally advertised once in two years and your are lucky to have an advertisement by the end of this year. so start preparing for it now itself to avoid regret at a later date. The examination for the ALP/artisan staff is already going on and you have to wait for at least more than a year. Remember there is one examination for ALP and artisan. based on option and medical qualification and your merit, you will get the opportunity of ALP. ALP job is worth trying as compared to JE even if artisan job is not your cup of tea.

  19. ananth says:

    sir,i did diploma in mech eng now i am doing BE in mech i have applied for the said post ALP,Got letter to write exam at mysore my question is am i get any promotion on the base of BE in future.

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Sorry friend, there is no advantage in promotional avenues. But there are departmental examination for selection to the post of Inspectors and Assistant Engineers. You may stand a better chance of qualifying because of your intelligent and not because of your degree.

  20. joginder singh says:

    sir loco pilot ki vacancy 2015 mein out hogi ki nahi? please bataye.

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Yes there is a possibility of loco pilot vacancy by the end of 2015 end based on the previous trends. You should start preparing for the examination now itself.

  21. joginder singh says:

    Sir, I want to join Loco Pilot, Please let me know when vacancies will be out…

  22. kishor kumar says:

    sir, i have passing in iti electrical trade but not complited in apprentice i am eligible or not eligible please answer sir p

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      It is successfully completed Act apprenticeship training or ITI certificate. So it is ‘OR’ and when you have done ITI in electrical trade, you are eligible. Start preparing for the examination as you are having at least an year for the same.

  23. Dhananjay Sharma says:

    Sir my 10+2 marks below 50% n ITI pass plz I trying this vacancy..?

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      As per the advertisement for filling up the vacancies, it is only matriculate pass and ITI and no where percentage of marks prescribed. Forget about your marks in 10+2, start a fresh with optimism and prepare for the examination. Last advertisement was in Jan 2014, and therefore, you are having more than one year to prepare. Get ready and start with confidence.

  24. shiva jyothi ram says:


    i have finished 12th in vocational stream
    am i eligible for loco pilot

  25. jignesh prajapati says:

    i have finished 12th in vocational stream
    am i eligible for loco pilot & i m complete computer software programing in iti

  26. Ranjan Maiti says:

    sir,please send me assistant loco pilot model question paper and slove.and any help for the post.my [email protected]

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Mr. Ranjan Maiti, model question paper and answer are available at many of the book store but that will not give you sure shot success. I had given an action plan how to prepare for the examination by reading books which will be helpful in other competitive examinations as well.

  27. joginder singh says:

    sir,i have finished polytechnical diploma in mech engg. tool and die four year.
    am i eligible for loco pilot.

  28. hemu says:

    Hai sir when did assistant locopilot results come out for cen01/2014

  29. siva says:

    Hai sir when did assistant loco pilot results declared rrb boards

  30. siva says:

    Hello sir when did assistant loco pilot reults released how much time to declared results please tell me sir

  31. siva says:

    Hai mahesh sir when did assistant loco pilot results declared how much time taken to release results please give me reply sir

  32. siva says:

    Hai mahesh sir when did assistant loopilot results released how much time taken to announced relsults

  33. Ramakrishna says:

    Which branch better in ITI for Indian Railway Jobs ?

    • Mahesh Kumar Jain says:

      Electrician, Electronics, IT, Diesel Fitter etc. provides good opportunity for job in Indian Railways

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