Energy Conservation is defined as
“To limit and ensure efficient use of energy sources and economic harness of an abundant source of naturally existing renewable sources of energy”
Thus there are three areas of research, development and action for Energy Conservation
Human behavior for cutting need and reducing wastage
Counselling, Training, incentives, penalties and education of user about the importance of reducing demand particularly peak demand load and wastage of unit energy. Participation in Demand Side Management where activities run by the Utility Company for the consumer plays a vital role in energy conservation. Automation is generally tried for this purpose but there are areas where human involvement is unavoidable.
It is the ratio of output of input. This is an area of research, additional cost (life cycle costing and rate of return), marketing and regulating agency to control spurious claims, labeling of energy efficiency of the product.
Economic use of Renewable source of Energy
The sources of energy which are continuously and naturally renewed or renewal cycle is very small or conserved due to environmental balance are called renewable sources of Energy. There are many options of using renewable sources of energy and prioritization be done based on most economic options. Technological advancement will open new fronts of economic options.
Indian Railways consumed 12.5 B-units of electrical energy for Traction and 2.5 B-units for Non-Traction purpose and scope for energy conservation exists in all areas of its working where energy is converted from one form to another. The chapters below discusses the scope of energy conservation
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